Sunday – the first day of Holy Week
that remembers the triumphant entry of Jesus into
Jerusalem. It’s called Palm Sunday because
people waved Palm branches as banners to welcome
– a story about everyday things but with a
deeper meaning. A lot of Jesus’ teaching was
done using parables
– the area under the spiritual care of a priest.
It comes from the Greek word for ‘district’
– ‘parochia.’ A Diocese is divided
up into many parishes.
– a word to describe something relating to
a parish. For example, the Parochial Church Council
is the Parish Church Council
– a word from Aramaic and Greek meaning
Passover. It is used to describe the Jewish Passover
and the Christian Festival of Easter.
Candle – the candle that on the night
of Holy Saturday is blessed and lit as a symbol
of Christ’s Resurrection. It is usually marked
with a cross, and five grains of incense are pressed
into it, representing the five wounds of Christ.
It is carried into the darkened church and then
the Exsultet (or Easter Proclamation) is sung. It
remains lit for the fifty days of Easter until Pentecost.
It is then placed near the font and lit for baptisms
– a word used to describe the suffering of
Plays – a play that tells the story
of Jesus’ suffering, death and resurrection
– traditionally this is the last two weeks
of Lent, from Passion Sunday to Holy Saturday
– this is the Jewish Festival kept every Spring
and celebrating the Exodus of God’s people
from slavery to freedom. It was during the time
of the Passover celebrations that Jesus had the
Last Supper with his apostles, gave us the Eucharist,
was arrested and killed and rose again. So there
is a great link between those events and the Christian
event of Easter, which is often referred to as the
– someone who has the responsibility of giving
pastoral care. A priest is a pastor, but the word
can be used of any minister of the church
Care – the care that is given to
the People of God, helping them with their problems,
and supporting them through difficult times. Someone
who provides Pastoral care is often describes as
a Pastor. He or she can be ordained or lay.
– the name given to the ‘plate’
on which the bread (host) is placed for the Eucharist.
– a word meaning ‘father of a family
or tribe.’ It refers to the Patriarchs of
the Old Testament, such as Abraham, Moses and David.
It also refers to the Bishops of the early Church,
who are known as ‘The early Church Fathers.’
Saints – a Saint who has been chosen
to have a special connection with something in particular:
either a place, a person, organisation, or situation.
The practice of having Patron Saints for churches
came from the practice of building churches of the
burial places of saints.
St – Paul was first known as Saul
when he persecuted the early church and followers
of Christ. He oversaw the death of Stephen, the
first Christian martyr. When he was on his way to
Damascus he was met by Christ and from that moment
on, Saul became a follower of Jesus and one of the
Apostles and leaders of the Church. His name was
changed to Paul.
Mala – a symbolic bracelet that promotes
friendship, respect and peace between the faiths
and all people in our world. It cuts through all
forms of prejudice and celebrates what makes us
different from each other. It is a vision for the
future. Wearing the mala is a promise to help create
a better world. The word "mala" is Sanskrit
and means garland of flowers. In the East, a mala
is a string of beads which may be used in meditation
or prayer. Each "flower" or bead on the
mala can represent a mantra or prayer. The Peace
Mala is different. It's purpose is not for devotional
use though it may be used in that way if the wearer
so wishes. The Peace Mala is a fashion item to wear
on the wrist and also a practical teaching aid which
can be used with youngsters to help promote awareness,
tolerance and respect between all communities. www.peacemala.org.uk
Penitential – being sorry for our sins
– a mountain in the Rhondda Valley
in South Wales where there is a shrine of Mary.
The legend goes that an image of Mary with Jesus
appeared miraculously in an oak tree.
– the annual celebration of the outpouring
of the Holy Spirit. Also known as Whitsunday. Pentecost
is a Jewish Festival, but it was when the apostles
and others were in Jerusalem waiting as Jesus instructed
them that they were filled with the Holy Spirit.
St – one of the twelve apostles and
brother of Andrew. He is the apostle who denied
knowing Jesus, but is also the apostle to whom we
are told Jesus gave the keys of the kingdom. He
became one of the primary leaders of the early church,
especially in Rome, and is known as the first bishop
– someone who is making a pilgrimage
– a journey made usually to a place of religious
significance, symbolising the journey we make through
life with God, who is our final destination. Examples
of some Pilgrimage centres include Lourdes, Walsingham,
Santiago de Compestella, Iona, Penrhys, Glastonbury,
Pilate – The governor of Judea from
Ad 26 – 36 under whom Christ was crucified.
The Gospels portray him as someone who gave into
the pressure of the people to have Jesus crucified.
The – the leader of the Roman Catholic
Church and the Bishop of Rome. The first Bishop
of Rome and so the first Pope was St Peter.
– our response to God, with or without
words. There are different kinds of prayer: prayer
for others, prayers of thanksgiving, prayers of
confession. But prayer is more than just saying
words. It’s also about listening to God, trying
to find out what he wants for us and the world.
of the Faithful – this is the prayer
offered by the people at the Eucharist – where
they pray for the church, the world and all people.
– the early church was organised on similar
grounds to the Jewish Synagogue with a board of
elders – and this is what is meant by the
word ‘presbyter.’ In the New Testament,
the term was used of the ‘overseers,’
or bishops. As the role of Presbyters developed
they took on various functions, including those
of ministers we now know as priests. So, presbyters
are what we now know as priests.
– the kind of church that is governed by Elders
or Presbyters. In this sense of the word, the presbyters
are not considered to be priests as found in the
Roman Catholic and Anglican ministry.
of Christ –see Candlemas
– one of the three orders of ordained
ministry in the church. This ministry includes preaching
the word of God, baptizing, celebrating the Holy
Eucharist, pronounce forgiveness of sins and blessing
in God’s name and to care for the people entrusted
by the bishop to his charge
Cross – a cross or crucifix used
to carry in processions
– there are different kinds of processions:
they can be joyful or penitential (that is, sorrow
for our sins). There is often a procession at the
beginning of the Eucharist, led by cross and candles
and sometimes incense. There are special processions
on days like Palm Sunday. Many processions happen
in the open air. Banners are often carried –
to make it a joyful occasion – and also to
symbolize the church being like an army to conquer
the powers of evil. It also symbolises the church
being a pilgrim (journeying) people.
– in the sixteenth centuries some people had
a disagreement with the Catholic church and broke
away from them. These church communities beacame
known as Protestant Churches because they protested
against what they disagreed with the Catholic church
of the day.
– a hymn of praise. The book of Psalms in
the Old Testament contains 150 Psalms. The Psalms
are used in Christian worship: in the Liturgy of
the Word at the Eucharist and in The Divine Office,
for example Morning and Evening Prayer.
– a name given to the book of Psalms used
– the item of furniture in a church building
used for preaching the gospel